Footnotes

[1] CPS Handbook § 2200, located at http://www.dfps.state.tx.us/handbooks/CPS/Files/CPS_pg_2200.asp. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[2] The Texas Family Violence Bench Book, located at http://www.txcourts.gov/media/478288/domesticviolencebenchbook.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[3] Updates to chapters of the Texas Family Violence Bench Book, located at: http://www.txcourts.gov/publications-training/judicial-ethics-bench-books/judicial-bench-books.aspx Last visited October 13, 2017.

[4] Interstate Compact on Placement of Children, located at: http://www.aphsa.org/content/AAICPC/en/ICPCRegulations.html. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[5] CPS Handbook § 4523, located at: https://www.dfps.state.tx.us/handbooks/CPS/Files/CPS_pg_4500.asp#CPS_4523. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[6] A Guide for Those “Aging Out” of Foster Care in Texas, located at: http://texasfosteryouth.org/blog/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/5th-Edition-Foster-Youth-Guide-Web-Final.pdf Last visited October 13, 2017.

[7] Extended Court Jurisdiction Flowchart, located at: http:www.dfps.state.tx.us/Child_Protection/Fostering_Connections/documents/extended_court_jurisdiction_flow_chart.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[8] DFPS Transitional Living Services Handout, located at: https://www.dfps.state.tx.us/Child_Protection/Youth_and_Young_Adults/Transitional_Living/documents/Transitional_Living_Services_Handout.pdf Last visited October 13, 2017.

[9] DFPS Extended Jurisdiction Matrix, located at: http://www.texasfosteryouth.org/downloads/ExtendedJurisdictionMatrixFinal.pdf Last visited October 17, 2017.

[10] National Conference of State Legislatures, http://www.ncsl.org/research/human-services/disproportionality-and-disparity-in-child-welfare.aspx. Last visited October 13, 2017.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2010). Administration for Children and Families, Administration on Children, Youth, and Families. The AFCARS report: Preliminary FY 2009 estimates as of July 2010. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

[11] Billingsley, A., & Giovannoni, J. M. (1972). Children of the storm. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanivich.

[12] Hill, R. B. (2008). An analysis of racial/ethnic disproportionality and disparity at the national, state, and county levels. Seattle, WA: Casey Family Programs.

[13] Texas Department of Family and Protective Services. (2014). Disproportionality in Child Protective Services Trend Analysis: 2006-2012, located at http://texascasaconference.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/4/2013/08/Disproportionality-Trend-Analysis-2014-Report-Specia_01-05-15.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[14] Texas Department of Family and Protective Services, http://www.dfps.state.tx.us/Child_Protection/Disproportionality/default.aspLast visited October 13, 2017.

[15] Office of Minority Health Statistics and Engagement, located at https://hhs.texas.gov/about-hhs/process-improvement/office-minority-health-statistics-engagement Last visited October 13, 2017.

[16] Courts Catalyzing Change Preliminary Protective Hearing Benchcard, located at http://www.ncjfcj.org/sites/default/files/CCC%20Bench%20Card%20Insertsfinal.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[17] Located at http://www.ncjfcj.org/sites/default/files/CCC%20Bench%20Card%20Insertsfinal.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[18] Available online at http://www.fostercareandeducation.org/DesktopModules/Bring2mind/DMX/Download.aspx?EntryId=1937&Command=Core_Download&method=inline&PortalId=0&TabId=124. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[19] Available online at http://texaschildrenscommission.gov/media/1192/2012-13-updated-foster-care-data-handout_v2.pptx. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[20] Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008, Pub. L. No. 110-351. Available online at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-110publ351/pdf/PLAW-110publ351.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[21] Federal law references the local education agency (LEA). This term is synonymous with the school district. In Texas, the state education agency (SEA) is the Texas Education Agency.

[22] U.S Departments of Education and Health & Human Serv., Admin. for Children & Families (2014) joint letter regarding coordination between local education and child welfare agencies. Available online at: http://www2.ed.gov/about/inits/ed/foster-care/fostering-connections-letter.doc. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[23] Every Student Succeeds Act, Pub. L. No. 114–95. Available online at: https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-114s1177enr/pdf/BILLS-114s1177enr.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[24] McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act of 1987, Pub. L. No. 100-77. Available online at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/STATUTE-101/pdf/STATUTE-101-Pg482.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[25] Available online at https://www.dfps.state.tx.us/site_map/forms.asp. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[26] Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, Pub. L. No. 93-380. Available at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/STATUTE-88/pdf/STATUTE-88-Pg484.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[27] Uninterrupted Scholars Act of 2013, Pub. L. No.112-278. Available at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-112s3472enr/pdf/BILLS-112s3472enr.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[28] See U.S. Dep’t of Ed Guidance on the Uninterrupted Scholars Act. Please see Guidance Document, Questions 19, Q and 21 (2014). Available at https://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/fpco/ferpa/uninterrupted-scholars-act-guidance.pdf . Last visited October 13, 2017.

[29] Available at http://www.txcourts.gov/publications-training/training-materials/truancy-reform.aspx. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[30] Please see, Op Tex. Att’y Gen. No. MW–43 (1979), available at https://www.texasattorneygeneral.gov/opinions/opinions/46white/op/1979/pdf/mw0043.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[31] Please see CPS Policy Handbook Section 15510, available at http://www.dfps.state.tx.us/handbooks/CPS/Files/CPS_pg_x15000.asp#CPS_15510. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[32] Available online at http://www.depts.ttu.edu/ttuisd/Files/pdf/14Grad-toolkit-booklet.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[33] For more information about changes made during the 84th Session by SB 149, please see, TEA “To the Administrator Addressed” Letter dated May 11, 2015, available at, http://tea.texas.gov/interiorpage_wide.aspx?id=25769821127. Last visited October 13, 2017. See further, 19 Tex. Admin. Code § 74.1025.

[34] Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Pub. L. No. 93-112. Available online at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/STATUTE-87/pdf/STATUTE-87-Pg355.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[35] For more information about the ARD committee process, please see https://framework.esc18.net/Documents/ARD_Guide_ENG.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[36] Social Security Act § 477. Available online at http://www.ssa.gov/OP_Home/ssact/title04/0477.htm. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[37] Please see DFPS Transitional Living Services, available at https://www.dfps.state.tx.us/Child_Protection/Youth_and_Young_Adults/Transitional_Living/default.asp. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[38] Available online at http://texaschildrenscommission.gov/media/1198/education_issues_for_students_in_foster_care.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[39] Available online at http://texaschildrenscommission.gov/media/1178/education-unplugged-for-foster-care-summit-feb-2013-1.pdf . Last visited October 13, 2017.

[40] Available online at http://texaschildrenscommission.gov/media/1179/connection-between-education-and-cps-law-feb-19-2013-final.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[41] Available online at:http://texaschildrenscommission.gov/media/1175/tx-blueprint-childrens-comm-final-report-final-330pm-022415.pdf Last visited October 13, 2017.

[42] Available online at http://www.tea.state.tx.us/FosterCareStudentSuccess/resource-guide.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[43] Available online at http://texascasa.org/learning-center/resources/educational-advocacy-toolkit/. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[44] Infographic found at: http://texaschildrenscommission.gov/media/1168/texas-blueprint-data-workgroup-infographic.pdf Last visited October 13, 2017.

[45] Confidentiality guide found at http://texaschildrenscommission.gov/media/2076/confidentiality-guide-final.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[46] Transition Planning Comparison found at http://texaschildrenscommission.gov/media/2077/transitions-final.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[47] Higher Education Liaisons Guide found at http://texaschildrenscommission.gov/media/2075/he-liaisons-guide-final-updated-76.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[48] Available online at https://www.dfps.state.tx.us/Child_Protection/Youth_and_Young_Adults/Transitional_Living/documents/Transitional_Living_Services_Handout.pdf Last visited October 13, 2017.

[49] DFPS Visitation Plan Template, located at: http://texaschildrenscommission.gov/media/1273/4-visitation-plan.pdf Last visited October 13, 2017.

[50] DFPS No Contact Visitation Plan template, located at: http://texaschildrenscommission.gov/media/1269/3-no-contact-visitation-plan.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[51] DFPS Visitation Best Practice Guide, located at: http://texaschildrenscommission.gov/media/1272/1-best-practice-guide-3.pdf Last visited October 13, 2017.

[52] Developed by DFPS and provided to parents at visitation, located at:

http://texaschildrenscommission.gov/media/1270/6-visitation-observation.pdf . Last visited October 13, 2017.

[53] DFPS Parent/Supportive Adult Visitation Record and Observation Form, located at:

http://texaschildrenscommission.gov/media/1270/6-visitation-observation.pdf Last visited October 13, 2017.

[54] March 2016 Parameters, located at:

https://www.dfps.state.tx.us/Child_Protection/Medical_Services/documents/reports/2016-03_Psychotropic_Medication_Utilization_Parameters_for_Foster_Children.pdf Last visited October 13, 2017.

[55] STAR Health PMUR Process for STAR Health Members FAQ and Stakeholder Manual, located at:

https://www.dfps.state.tx.us/Child_Protection/Medical_Services/documents/STAR_Health_PMUR_FAQ.pdf

Last visited October 13, 2017.

[56] Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, Pub. L. No. 106-386, available online at: https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-106hr3244enr/pdf/BILLS-106hr3244enr.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[57] National Center for Missing and Exploited Children and National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (2015). Missing Children, State Care, and Child Sex Trafficking: Engaging the Judiciary in Building a Collaborative Response. Reno, Nevada. Available online at: http://www.missingkids.org/en_US/publications/missingchildrenstatecare.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[58] For more information on the Office of the Attorney General of Texas Human Trafficking Prevention Task Force, please visit https://www.texasattorneygeneral.gov/cj/human-trafficking. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[59] Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act of 2014, Pub. L. No: 113-183, available online at: https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-113publ183/pdf/PLAW-113publ183.pdf. Last visited June 29, 2017.

[60] Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), Guidelines for State Courts and Agencies in Indian Child Custody Proceedings, 81 Fed. Reg. 96476 (Dec. 2016). Available online at https://www.bia.gov/sites/bia.gov/files/assets/bia/ois/pdf/idc2-056831.pdf. Last visited October 6, 2017.

[61] Guidelines at D.7.

[62] Guidelines at I.4.

[63] Guidelines at L.4.

[64] Guidelines at B.5.

[65] Guidelines at B.7

[66] Guidelines at B.2.

[67] Guidelines at B.7.

[68] Guidelines at B.1.

[69] Guidelines at C.3.

[70] Guidelines at A.3.

[71] Guidelines at D.8.

[72] Guidelines at F.2.

[73] Guidelines at F.4.

[74] Guidelines at J.5.

[75] Guidelines at H.2.

[76] Guidelines at G.1.

[77] Guidelines at E.5.

[78] Guidelines at C.8

[79] Explanation of ICPC Regulation VII (October 2011), located at: http://icpc.aphsa.org/content/dam/AAICPC/PDF%20DOC/Home%20page/ICPC-Regulation7-Sept2011.pdf, and suggested court order, located at: http://www.aphsa.org/content/APHSA/en/home.html Last visited October 13, 2017.

[80] The Psychotropic Medication Parameters for Foster Children can be found online at:

https://www.dfps.state.tx.us/Child_Protection/Medical_Services/documents/reports/2016-03_Psychotropic_Medication_Utilization_Parameters_for_Foster_Children.pdf Last visited October 13, 2017.

[81] Department of Family and Protective Services, Child and Adolescent Needs and Strengths Assessment (CANS), located at https://www.dfps.state.tx.us/Child_Protection/Medical_Services/cans.asp Last visited October 13, 2017.

[82] Travis County Travis County Collaborative for Children, Defining a Trauma-Informed Organization, Program, or System, located at http://media.wix.com/ugd/34f85b_500749dbe84e433abc819e626bb22791.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[83] Meeting the Needs of High Needs Children in the Texas Child Welfare System (November 2015), located at: https://www.dfps.state.tx.us/About_DFPS/Reports_and_Presentations/CPS/documents/2015/2015-12-03_Stephen_Group_High_Needs_Assessment.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[84] Understanding Trauma-Informed Care in the Texas Child Welfare System: Data and Recommendations from the Field (October 2015), located at: http://texascasa.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/FINAL-Trauma-Survey-Report-10.5.15.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.

[85] Respecting the Needs of Children and Youth in Texas Foster Care: Acknowledging Trauma and Promoting Positive Mental Health throughout the System (December 2014), located at: http://texascasa.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Texas-CASA-Mental-Health-Task-Force-Report-final-webversion.pdf. Last visited October 13, 2017.