A. In Texas

In Texas, the issue of disproportionality and disparities is complex. DFPS data from FY 2020 show:

After removal, African American children are less likely to reunify and, if reunification is ruled out, they wait longer for adoption than other populations. African American children are overrepresented in foster care, Anglo children are proportionately represented, and Hispanic children are underrepresented. However, most Hispanic children wait longer than Anglo children to be adopted.[108]

DFPS collects data at critical decision points in the CPS system by race and ethnicity to measure and understand the extent of disproportionality in the child welfare system. DFPS also employs a CPS Disproportionality Manager to help improve the response to disproportionality and disparate outcomes in CPS cases. More information can be found on the DFPS website, Disproportionality in Child Protective Services System webpage including information on the Texas Model, Texas Community Engagement Model, and other CPS initiatives.[109]